There are cartilages in the body’s joints that give the stature and allow the bones of the skeleton to slide towards each other. Osteoarthritis causes an imbalance between the degradation and the structure of the cartilage.
Hemorrhoids are a common, but usually harmless, problem. It can bleed, itch and sting around the rectum. It can also leak a bit of mucus or stool and you may feel something bulging at the rectum opening. Hemorrhoids often get better by themselves, but you may need medicines that relieve.
Trigger finger, also called spring finger, is most common in older people but also occurs in infants. It usually turns out that the child can not stretch on the thumb. Occasionally the thumb will lock. This is because the bend tendon to the outer end of the thumb has thickened and hooks itself into the tendon.
Mouse arm is a collective name for various problems that you can get from your hand and arm if you often use a computer mouse.
The problems can manifest in different ways, partly depending on which part of the arm or hand you are in pain, and whether it is muscles, ligaments, tendons or nerves that hurt.
The carpal tunnel is a channel that exists between several legs and a strong ligament in the palm of the hand. Through the canal, an important nerve, the median nerve, and tendons pass to the muscles of the fingers. Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by nerve constriction when the space has decreased.
Ganglion is a fluid-filled bulge that forms adjacent to a joint. The swelling is usually large as a pea, but can sometimes be up to a few centimeters in diameter.
It happens that children are born with extra fingers or toes, although it is very unusual. Most often it is due to heredity, but sometimes no underlying cause can be found.
Fingers that are not separated belong to the most common deformities in the hand. Children born with finger syndactylia need surgery because it affects the function and growth of the fingers and hands.
Dysmalemia means that you miss a smaller or larger part of the arm, hand, leg or foot since birth. The treatment can consist of, for example, training, aids and surgery.
Dupuytren’s contracture is a disease that can make one or more fingers bend and difficult to stretch. It usually does not hurt and most people do not have any problems, but if you have any problems you can get treatment.