Knowledge Information Education

Here you can read more about diseases and disorders that have to do with the brain and nerves.

Brain and nervesDizziness, fainting and cramps


Getting dizzy is a common symptom that can be due to many things. A common cause of dizziness is that the balance organ in the inner ear does not work properly. Dizziness usually goes over quickly and is harmless even though it is unpleasant while it is going on.

Brain and nervesDizziness, fainting and cramps


Fainting means that you become unconscious for a short while. For example, fainting may be due to blood pressure lowering when you get up quickly. Another reason may be that you are experiencing a strong feeling. Usually it is completely harmless to faint, but sometimes it can be due to some illness.

Brain and nervesDizziness, fainting and cramps

When children faint

Fainting means being unconscious for a short while. It is quite common for children to faint, especially at school age. For example, a child may faint if they rise quickly so that blood pressure drops. Another reason may be that the child experiences a strong feeling. Usually it is completely harmless to faint, but sometimes it can be due to some illness.

Brain and nervesDizziness, fainting and cramps

Fever cramps in children

Some children who have a fever get fever cramps. It often looks dramatic but is usually not harmful. Usually, children happen between six months and five years of age. Most children who get a fever only get it once, but some children can get it on several occasions. It is unusual for children with fever cramps to suffer in the future.

Brain and nervesDizziness, fainting and cramps


If you have epilepsy, some of the brain's nerve cells are overactive, which can cause various types of seizures. Epileptic seizures can be very different for different people, but in one and the same individual, the seizures are usually the same every time. Between the attacks there is nothing to show that you are ill. If you suffer from major epilepsy, you may need medication to prevent seizures.

Brain and nervesStroke and blood vessels in the brain


Stroke is a collective name for brain damage caused by a blood clot or bleeding in the brain. A stroke leads to a lack of oxygen in the brain which causes you to suddenly lose various functions such as speech, movement, feeling and vision. It can be life-threatening and therefore immediate hospital care is required.

Brain and nervesPain and headache

Tension Headaches

The most common form of headache is tension headache. It usually goes by itself. The headache may be due to tense muscles, but it can also have other causes. The pain can often be triggered by anxiety, stress and lack of sleep.

Brain and nervesDiseasesPain and headache


For example, pain may be due to an injury or illness. But sometimes it is not possible to find the cause of the pain. Pain can suddenly come and go quickly, or be prolonged and last for months. It is important that you who have been in pain for a long time get the right advice and treatment and help to manage your pain.

Brain and nervesPain and headache


Migraines are acute attacks of blasting headaches that usually last for half a day. The aches get worse as you physically exert yourself and move your head. The cause is not known, but migraines can be triggered by, for example, stress, hormone changes or some food and drink. The risk of having migraines increases if you have a relative who has it. Migraine attacks are almost always harmless.

Brain and nervesPain and headache

Headaches in children and teenagers

Headache is common in both children and teenagers. The cause is often colds and infections, but headaches can also be due to other illnesses, mental illness or lack of sleep. Often it is not possible to find an explanation for the headaches. For the most part, the pain goes away by itself, but sometimes it can sit for longer and come more often. Although it is very uncommon, headaches can in some cases be due to a serious illness.

Brain and nervesPain and headache


Headaches are very common. For example, it may be due to stress, tense muscles, colds, anxiety or visual impairment. Usually the headache goes away by itself, but sometimes it can sit for a long time or come more often. Although uncommon, headaches can be symptoms of a serious illness.

Brain and nervesPain and headache

Horton’s headache

Horton's headache comes in attacks and it then works a lot around one eye. Most often you get the attacks for a few weeks each year, for example spring or autumn. Some get hurt for longer periods, sometimes longer than a year. During a period of pain, it is common for an attack to be triggered by stress or small amounts of alcohol.

Brain and nervesNerves

Tics Disease

If you have tics, it is because you have difficulty controlling and holding back certain movements or sounds. Tics are most common in school-aged children, but also occur in adults. Tics usually go by themselves, usually within a year.

Brain and nervesNerves

Spina Bifida

Spinal cord fracture is a congenital injury to the spinal cord that often leads to physical disability. To reduce the risk of babies being born with spinal cord hernia, women who want to become pregnant take vitamin B folic acid. If you have spinal cord fractures you can live a good life, but it is important to get the right help and support right from the start.

Brain and nervesNerves

Polyneuropathy, a disease of several nerves

Polyneuropathy is a disease of several of the body's nerves. It usually begins in the nerves of the legs and gradually leads to a worse feeling in the feet and harder to walk. Eventually, the trouble may move up the lower leg. Even if you do not get rid of the disease, the symptoms can be relieved with the right treatment.

Brain and nervesNerves

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson's disease is a chronic neurological disease. The first symptoms usually come after age 55. The symptoms may come earlier, but it is less common. You may not recover from the disease, but there are various treatments and medications that can reduce the hassle.

Brain and nervesNerves

Multiple sclerosis – MS

Multiple sclerosis, MS, is a disease of the central nervous system, that is, the brain and spinal cord. If you have MS, inflammation and scars occur on the nerve fibers and this means that impulses do not appear as they should. There is no treatment to cure the disease, but drugs can slow the course of the disease and relieve the problems.

Brain and nervesNerves

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, which is shortened CJD, attacks the brain and causes dementia. Today it is not possible to cure Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, which quickly leads to death. The treatment is aimed at relieving the symptoms. Due to the rapid course of the illness, those who have become ill professional nursing need soon after the illness.