Typhoid fever is a bacterial disease that causes sepsis, which used to be called blood poisoning. The disease is spread through contaminated water or food that is not properly cooked or fried. Typhoid fever is a life-threatening disease if you do not receive treatment.
Here you can read about various infectious diseases, both common and more unusual. You will learn what you can do yourself to relieve the hassle and when you need to seek care.
A toxoplasma infection is caused by a parasite, which is mainly spread by feces from cats. If a pregnant person becomes infected, the infection can cause damage to the fetus. Therefore, you who are pregnant should try to reduce the risk of infection, for example by avoiding the feces of cats.
Rabies is a viral disease in the central nervous system. Rabies can transmit from mammal to human via saliva. The disease is common in most parts of the world, but in Europe no one has been infected with rabies for very long. Rabies is a deadly disease if you do not receive early treatment.
Malaria is spread through mosquitoes that transmit parasites to humans when they sting. Malaria is found in many countries in Africa, South America and Asia, and the risk of being infected is greatest in Africa. The disease is serious and can be life-threatening.
Dwarf bandworm is a small bandworm that mammals can have in the gut, especially dogs and foxes. The animals do not get sick but in their feces there are worm eggs that can infect humans and cause an infection. The infection is called bladder disease.
Toxic shock syndrome, TSS, is a complication that can occur in some bacterial infections. The bacteria secrete a venom that causes blood pressure to drop sharply and the body's tissues do not get enough oxygen. TSS is very uncommon but can be serious and therefore you need to get treatment quickly.
Nesting and sniffing are common. Often this is due to a cold, but it can also be due to allergies, sensitive mucous membranes, pregnancy or that you have used nasal spray for a long time. Often it goes away by itself but sometimes you need treatment.
Sepsis is a serious condition, formerly called blood poisoning. Sepsis means that an infection affects the entire body and that important organs such as the heart, lungs, brain and kidneys do not function properly. Sepsis can be life-threatening. It is important that you seek treatment immediately if you think you or a related person have received sepsis.
An infection means that the body has been attacked by bacteria, viruses or fungi. To defend itself, the body usually reacts with inflammation. The area that is inflamed can become swollen, red, hot and tender. Fever, fatigue, muscle pain, headache and decreased appetite are signs of a more widespread inflammation.