Typhoid fever is a bacterial disease that causes sepsis, which used to be called blood poisoning. The disease is spread through contaminated water or food that is not properly cooked or fried. Typhoid fever is a life-threatening disease if you do not receive treatment.
A toxoplasma infection is caused by a parasite, which is mainly spread by feces from cats. If a pregnant person becomes infected, the infection can cause damage to the fetus. Therefore, you who are pregnant should try to reduce the risk of infection, for example by avoiding the feces of cats.
Tetanus is a very rare disease in Sweden. It is caused by bacteria and you get persistent cramps in the muscles. Tetanus is life-threatening, but if you receive early treatment you are usually restored.
Most people in Sweden have good protection against tetanus. You who are born after 1960 are usually vaccinated in the general vaccination program for children. Renew your vaccination if it is more than 20 years since you received a vaccine that included tetanus protection.
Symptoms of tetanus
Stomach cramps are caused by bacteria. They form a poison that can make you more sensitive to sound and light. You can also get persistent cramps in the muscles and difficult to breathe. The cramps begin on the face and neck and spread to the arms and legs.
When and where should I seek care?
If you think you have tetanus, contact a health care center or an on-call reception immediately . If closed, seek care at an emergency room.
Contact a health care center if one or more of the statements mentioned below is true of you:
You are not vaccinated against tetanus.
You have not received as many vaccinations as needed.
You have received an animal bite or other wound and are unsure if you have adequate vaccination protection.
Call telephone number 1177 if you want medical advice and help with where to seek care.
When you want to call 1177 from another country
Call +46 771-11 77 00 for medical advice when abroad.
Then you get help in assessing your symptoms and can get advice on what you can do yourself and if you should seek care. You can read more about what applies if you need care in the text Care abroad.
So infectious tetanus
Tetanus is a very serious wound infection. It usually begins in a wound that has come into contact with the bacteria found in soil. You can also be infected by animal bites. Tetanus bacteria are normally found in the intestine of many animals and in soil fertilized. Dogs and cats can have tetanus bacteria in their mouths. This is because the animals bit on objects in the wild or licked their paws. Tetanus does not infect humans.
It usually takes between three days and three weeks from the time you become infected to get sick.
When treating tetanus, it is common to receive anticonvulsant drugs, antibiotics and immunoglobulins that act as an antidote.
You may get cramps and difficult to breathe if you have had tetanus. Therefore, you may need respiratory care and be anesthetized until the poison has disappeared from the body. It can take several weeks.
Check the crankshaft cover
For all types of wounds that may have come into contact with tetanus bacteria, tetanus protection should be reviewed .
Renew your vaccination if it is more than 20 years since your last vaccination with vaccine that protects against tetanus. If you are not sure whether you have tetanus protection, contact a health care center.
Rabies is a viral disease in the central nervous system. Rabies can transmit from mammal to human via saliva. The disease is common in most parts of the world, but in Sweden no one has been infected with rabies for very long. Rabies is a deadly disease if you do not receive early treatment.
Anthrax, also called anthrax, is a very serious infectious disease. It occurs primarily in animals, but humans can also be infected. It is very rare for people to get anthrax.
Malaria is spread through mosquitoes that transmit parasites to humans when they sting. Malaria is found in many countries in Africa, South America and Asia, and the risk of being infected is greatest in Africa. The disease is serious and can be life-threatening.
HIV is a virus that can be transmitted between humans. You get a HIV infection if you get infected by the virus. AIDS is a disease state that occurs when the immune system is so weakened by a HIV infection that you can get other diseases.
Yellow fever is a viral disease that is spread by mosquitoes and is found in parts of Africa and South America. Yellow fever is a life-threatening disease with high mortality.
Ebola is a very rare disease. It is caused by a virus that is found naturally in countries in central and western Africa. The disease is serious. It can cause bleeding that can be life-threatening.
Dengue fever is a viral disease that causes flu-like symptoms. The virus is spread through mosquitoes and is found in many countries in Africa, Asia, Central and South America. The disease can be serious and require intensive care in hospital.