Most people who get the kidney cancer form Wilms tumor, also called nephroblastoma, are young children between one and five years. But it happens that children of other ages and adults get the disease, although it is unusual. Every year, between ten and fifteen people are diagnosed in Sweden. Nearly nine out of ten get well after treatment. The cancer tumor usually sits in one of the kidneys, but can sometimes sit in both kidneys and usually in slightly younger children.
Skeletal, muscle, tendon, connective tissue and other so-called support tissues are called sarcomas. Skeletal sarcoma is called skeletal cancer. Sarcomas that are not in the skeleton are called soft tissue sarcomas.
Retinoblastoma is an unusual form of childhood cancer that occurs in theretina of the eye. The disease is often detected before the child reaches the age of two.
It can be done in different ways to discover that a child has cancer . Some children have had diffuse symptoms for a long time and may have been on many different examinations before, as a parent or physician, one begins to suspect that it may be cancer. Other children have more sudden symptoms. Maybe the child comes to an emergency room where doctors tell them that they need to immediately investigate the cause of the symptoms, and that it may be cancer.
Neuroblastoma is a cancer disease that originates in the sympathetic nervous system that extends along the vertebral vertebrae and branches to, for example, the adrenal glands. Since this nervous system is widely distributed in many parts of the body, neuroblastoma can be found in several different places, but it is most common to get it in one of the adrenal glands
Lymph node cancer is also called lymphoma. There are mainly two types of lymphoma in children and adolescents: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. It is more common that young children get Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and older children and adolescents get Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
It is unusual for children to get liver cancer and usually children do not get the same kind of liver cancer as adults. The most common form of liver cancer in children is called hepatoblastoma and especially affects children younger than three years.
Leukemia means that the bone marrow begins to form a large number of diseased white blood cells, also called leukemia cells. The diseased cells push away the healthy blood formation in the bone marrow. Eventually, the leukemia cells also spread to other organs in the body, such as the liver, spleen, or to the central nervous system.
Brain tumor is one of the most common cancers in children. About 95 of the almost 350 children and adolescents who get cancer every year have a brain tumor. But there are many different types of brain tumors that are also treated differently. The brain is part of the central nervous system . All central nervous system tumors are taken care of by pediatric neurologists and pediatric oncologists, including non-cancerous tumors.
Children who get cancer are usually treated with the same methods as adults, although the doses are different. There are three common treatment methods that are often combined: cytostatic therapy, radiation therapy and surgery. The duration of treatment for a cancer disease can vary from a few months up to several years.