When the blood is pumped through the heart, sometimes small swirling movements occur that produce a sound. It is usually called a heart murmur and you can’t usually hear it yourself. Wheezing is more common in children than in adults and usually does not cause any problems. But sometimes you may need to be treated with drugs and in some cases operated on.
A doctor who listens to a child’s heart with a stethoscope can sometimes hear a roaring or rushing sound. It is usually called because the child has a blistering sound in the heart.
A myocardial infarction is usually due to a blood clot being formed that completely or partially clogs the heart’s coronary artery so that the blood cannot pass as it usually does. The part of the heart that would have received the blood from the blocked coronary artery may be deficient in oxygen and damage to the heart muscle.
In the heart are four flaps that act as valves and prevent the blood from being pumped in the wrong direction. The flaps can become too tight or start leaking, which can lead to different types of heart valve diseases. They are often detected when the doctor listens to the heart and hears wheezing. If the failure of the valve causes symptoms or affects the functioning of the heart, surgery may be required to replace the heart valve that does not work with a new one.
In the event of a heart failure, the heart cannot pump enough blood into the body. This may be because the ability of the heart muscle to contract is weakened. The impaired pump function may also be due to the fact that the heart muscle cannot relax properly. Heart failure occurs at all ages, but is most common in the elderly.
Congenital heart defects due to birth defects are the most common heart disease in children. It may be, for example, holes in the partitions of the heart or constrictions of the flaps in the heart or large vessels. About one-third of the congenital injuries are treated during the first months of life. Most children are treated with good results, but often the child needs to be followed up for a long time.
A congenital heart defect means that there are malformations in the heart or in the large blood vessels. Most heart defects cause no or mild discomfort, but sometimes it can be more serious. Then the child often gets symptoms during his first weeks of life and may need surgery.
Long QT syndrome, LQTS, is in most cases a hereditary heart disease and is due to an electrical disorder in the heart’s muscle cells. Many people who carry the disease never get any symptoms. Others get a fast heartbeat that can lead to dizziness and fainting.
Dilated cardiomyopathy, DCM, is the collective name for a number of conditions. Common to them is that the heart muscle becomes weaker and the heart cavity dilates without the cause of high blood pressure, coronary artery disease or heart valve failure. The disease is sometimes hereditary.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, HCM, is a disease that thickens the heart muscle. Some people do not notice the disease while others get short of breath, get chest pain, palpitations and fainting. Thickening of the heart muscle is most often found in the teens, but many people are diagnosed with HCM only at adulthood. Everyone can get the disease, but the risk is greater if you have a close relative with the diagnosis of HCM.
Some diseases of the heart and blood vessels are hereditary. The diseases can be followed for several generations in a family. They differ from folk diseases such as stroke, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, which largely depends on your living habits.