If you get chest pain it can have many different causes. One of the most common is that the muscles in the chest hurt because you strained them more than usual. Mental stress can also create a feeling of pain or discomfort in the chest. Occasionally, chest pain may be due to diseases of the heart, stomach or muscles. A strong, pressing pain in the chest can be symptoms of angina or heart attack and then it is important to seek care.
Lymphedema is a swelling of the body. The swelling is because the fluid in the body called the lymph is difficult to transport and instead accumulates in one place. The treatment is to reduce the swelling and to prevent the size of the lymph nodes.
It is common for children and adults to have swollen lymph nodes. Then they are often tender and bigger than they usually are. For example, it may be due to a viral infection in a cold, a bacterial infection in the throat, or a wound that is infected. If you have swollen lymph glands larger than two centimeters, they should be examined by a doctor.
The ability of the heart to pump around the blood in the body is impaired if you develop inflammation of the heart muscle. Sometimes fluid is collected in the lungs and in the heart sac, the membrane surrounding the heart. The disease usually heals by itself.
If you have a myocardial infarction, the double membrane that is around the heart has become inflamed. In rare cases, fluid may accumulate between the membranes. Then the heart becomes more difficult to pump the blood and the blood circulation becomes worse. With treatment, inflammation can go away quickly, but sometimes it takes months or years.
Children can have three different types of infections or inflammations of the heart. All three variants are unusual. The infections are caused by viruses or bacteria, which spread to the heart. It can happen when the child has an infection elsewhere in the body or during surgery. It can also occur without knowing the cause.
If the heart beats very fast, very slowly or irregularly, it is called cardiac arrhythmia or arrhythmia. Irregular heartbeat is common. Almost all people have extra heartbeats.
Heart palpitations in the form of extra beats, hard heartbeats or short-term heart murmurs are common and occur at all ages. Usually, there is nothing to worry about, especially if the trouble comes in connection with stress or worry. But if you get heartache and at the same time feel sick, get chest pain or difficulty breathing, you should seek treatment immediately.
Atrial fibrillation means that the heart beats irregularly and often even faster. This means that the heart cannot pump around the blood in the body as efficiently as it usually does. Permanent atrial fibrillation is the most common cause of stroke. This is because the flicker degrades blood circulation in the atrium of the heart, making blood clots more easily formed.
Although it is very uncommon, sports children and adolescents may suddenly experience unexpected cardiac arrest. This is usually because the child has had some disease of the heart muscle or the duct system that you have not previously known about.
When the blood is pumped through the heart, sometimes small swirling movements occur that produce a sound. It is usually called a heart murmur and you can’t usually hear it yourself. Wheezing is more common in children than in adults and usually does not cause any problems. But sometimes you may need to be treated with drugs and in some cases operated on.
A doctor who listens to a child’s heart with a stethoscope can sometimes hear a roaring or rushing sound. It is usually called because the child has a blistering sound in the heart.
A myocardial infarction is usually due to a blood clot being formed that completely or partially clogs the heart’s coronary artery so that the blood cannot pass as it usually does. The part of the heart that would have received the blood from the blocked coronary artery may be deficient in oxygen and damage to the heart muscle.
In the heart are four flaps that act as valves and prevent the blood from being pumped in the wrong direction. The flaps can become too tight or start leaking, which can lead to different types of heart valve diseases. They are often detected when the doctor listens to the heart and hears wheezing. If the failure of the valve causes symptoms or affects the functioning of the heart, surgery may be required to replace the heart valve that does not work with a new one.
In the event of a heart failure, the heart cannot pump enough blood into the body. This may be because the ability of the heart muscle to contract is weakened. The impaired pump function may also be due to the fact that the heart muscle cannot relax properly. Heart failure occurs at all ages, but is most common in the elderly.
Congenital heart defects due to birth defects are the most common heart disease in children. It may be, for example, holes in the partitions of the heart or constrictions of the flaps in the heart or large vessels. About one-third of the congenital injuries are treated during the first months of life. Most children are treated with good results, but often the child needs to be followed up for a long time.
A congenital heart defect means that there are malformations in the heart or in the large blood vessels. Most heart defects cause no or mild discomfort, but sometimes it can be more serious. Then the child often gets symptoms during his first weeks of life and may need surgery.
Long QT syndrome, LQTS, is in most cases a hereditary heart disease and is due to an electrical disorder in the heart’s muscle cells. Many people who carry the disease never get any symptoms. Others get a fast heartbeat that can lead to dizziness and fainting.
Dilated cardiomyopathy, DCM, is the collective name for a number of conditions. Common to them is that the heart muscle becomes weaker and the heart cavity dilates without the cause of high blood pressure, coronary artery disease or heart valve failure. The disease is sometimes hereditary.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, HCM, is a disease that thickens the heart muscle. Some people do not notice the disease while others get short of breath, get chest pain, palpitations and fainting. Thickening of the heart muscle is most often found in the teens, but many people are diagnosed with HCM only at adulthood. Everyone can get the disease, but the risk is greater if you have a close relative with the diagnosis of HCM.
Some diseases of the heart and blood vessels are hereditary. The diseases can be followed for several generations in a family. They differ from folk diseases such as stroke, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, which largely depends on your living habits.