Inflammation of the ear is common in children, but even adults can get it. Ear inflammation can be very painful, especially at night as the pressure in the ear increases when lying down. Ear inflammation often goes away by itself but sometimes treatment is needed.
Diseases: symptoms and treatments
Ear wax is usually soft and is made by glands in the outer part of the ear canal. Sometimes the wax forms a plug that clogs the ear canal, it is called a wax plug. There are things you can try to do yourself if you know you have a wax plug but sometimes treatment is needed.
Ear pain is very common in both children and adults. In children, the cause is often cold or ear inflammation. In adults, it is more common that it is due to auditory eczema. Often the problems go away by themselves but in some cases some kind of treatment may be needed.
Meniere's disease is a disease of the inner ear that causes recurrent bouts of dizziness. It is also common to have a varying hearing loss, tinnitus and pressure in one ear. The treatment is aimed at counteracting stress, but there are also medicines that can help.
Crystal sickness, benign position dizziness, is a common form of dizziness caused by the release of small lime crystals in the inner ear. You feel very dizzy, as if you have gone carousel, when you turn your head in certain ways. Crystal sickness does not infect and often goes away by itself, but sometimes you may need treatment.
Hearing eczema is very common. The symptoms are usually that the ear canal becomes stingy and itchy. Sometimes the ear canal becomes swollen, and then it can drain out of the ear and the hearing can become worse. Hearing eczema usually goes away by itself, but sometimes treatment is needed.
Nosebleeds are common and are due to superficial blood vessels in the nose. The bleeding can start on its own if the mucous membranes are dry or have become inflamed by a cold. Often the bleeding goes by itself but sometimes you need care.
A nasal polyp comes from the mucous membrane of the nose and looks like a small stalk or bud. You can usually not see if you have nasal polyps yourself because they sit far into the nose. Small polyps usually do not cause any symptoms at all, but if the polyps become larger you can have problems especially with nasal congestion.
Nesting and sniffing are common. Often this is due to a cold, but it can also be due to allergies, sensitive mucous membranes, pregnancy or that you have used nasal spray for a long time. Often it goes away by itself but sometimes you need treatment.
Open-angle glaucoma is an eye disease that causes the optic nerve in the eye to disappear. Increased pressure inside the eye causes retinal damage. The injuries provide a slowly shrinking field of view and without treatment you can become blind. If you have open-angle glaucoma, you will receive treatment and be allowed to go out on life controls.
Strabismus means that the eyes are directed in different directions. Then you can have vision problems and get tired of your eyes. You can also see double or hurt your head. If you have problems with scab, you may need to wear special glasses. Sometimes an operation may be needed.
Splitting means that the child has difficulty in directing both eyes in the same direction. It allows the child to see double. Sometimes the vision can develop worse. There are various treatments to correct the spleen. Glasses can help if the child has a refractive error. Vision can sometimes be trained by covering one eye. Sometimes surgery is needed.
In a retinal detachment, it is common to see flashes on the edge of the field of view and the field of view becomes smaller. If the retina becomes detached, you may have a visual impairment. Therefore, seek care if you think you have retinal detachment. The treatment you receive depends on how much of the retina has loosened.
Cataracts are an eye disease that causes the lens of the eye to become cloudy. It makes you worse eyesight. It varies how long it takes before the vision becomes poor. For some it takes a few months, for others several years. Cataracts are treated with an operation. Everyone who gets cataracts does not need surgery.
Glass body discharge is common as you get older and most people do not notice it. Usually you do not need treatment. It is uncommon but if there have been holes in the retina in conjunction with the glass body loosening then you may need treatment.