Knowledge Information Education

Diseases: symptoms and treatments


Type 1 Diabetes

Insulin is a hormone needed for cells to absorb sugar from the blood. In type 1 diabetes, the body has stopped producing insulin and you get too much sugar in the blood. Signs of type 1 diabetes include being tired and powerless, losing weight quickly, kissing more often and being very thirsty. Diabetes is a disease you have throughout your life, but there is good treatment to be had.


Cough in children

The most common reason for coughing children is a cold, but the problems can also be due to, for example, body or asthma. Coughing usually goes away by itself, although it can take several weeks. Sometimes the child needs treatment for what causes the cough or to reduce the discomfort.

Allergies and hypersensitivityDiseases

Fur Allergy

If you have fur allergy, you respond to allergenic substances that get stuck in the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose or lungs. The substances usually come from the animal's saliva, urine or sebaceous glands but also fur. Most people who become allergic to fur animals get their first problems in childhood and adolescence. The allergic disorders often decrease with age. It is not entirely clear why fur allergy starts, but it can be partly hereditary. The environment can also be important.

Allergies and hypersensitivityDiseases

Pollen Allergy

Pollen allergy, also called hay fever, causes problems such as red, itchy eyes, nasal congestion, repeated sneezing and runny nose. How severe the problems you get depends on how sensitive you are and how much and what types of pollen are in the air. The pollen season lasts from early spring to late autumn and varies depending on where in the country you live. Prescription drugs can often alleviate the hassle, but not always completely remove them.

Allergies and hypersensitivityDiseases

Lactose Intolerance

When you have lactose intolerance you have a reduced ability to absorb lactose, ie milk sugar from the food. This is because the intestinal mucosa has a lower level of an enzyme, lactate, which is required for the milk sugar to be broken down and taken up by the small intestine. With a lowered level of lactase, milk sugar will instead end up in the large intestine and will be broken down by bacteria, which can cause pain, diarrhea and gas formation.

Allergies and hypersensitivityDiseases

Mite Allergy

Mite allergy causes problems such as red, itchy eyes, nasal congestion, repeated sneezing and runny nose. Mites are very small spiders found in the home. They are so small you can't see them. In mite allergy, you react to allergenic substances that mites produce. They thrive in humid, dark and warm climates and are often difficult to get rid of. The type of mites that cause problems in the home is called house dust mites. They are mainly in bed.

Allergies and hypersensitivityDiseases

Cow’s milk allergy

Cow's milk allergy means that you are allergic to one or more proteins found in the milk. Allergy is most common in children younger than one year. Most often the allergy goes away before the child starts school. Some have left the allergy as adults. The treatment is to avoid diets containing cow's milk. Cow's milk allergy is most common in children younger than one year. You may have cow's milk allergy as an adult, but it is unusual.

Allergies and hypersensitivityDiseases

Peanut allergy and nut allergy

The reaction often comes within a few minutes unless you can tolerate peanuts or nuts. Common symptoms are itching in the mouth and swelling around the eyes, lips, nose and throat. If you find it difficult to breathe or get tired and pale after eating peanuts or nuts, you need immediate care. Genuine allergies to peanut or hazelnut, for example, mean that you have an allergy to proteins that are found in large quantities in each nut. Genuine allergies often occur early in life and can be very severe. You can also get genuine allergies to, for example, cashew and

Allergies and hypersensitivityDiseases

Insect Allergy

In the case of insect allergy, you are allergic to any substance in the poison that insects inject when they stick with their spikes. When the immune system reacts to the substance to protect the body, you get an allergic reaction. Severe allergic reactions after wasp or bee sting are unusual. About one in a hundred people are allergic to wasps or bees. Serious reactions to bee and wasp stings are more common in adults than in children. An average of two adults per year die from a severe allergic reaction caused by wasp or bee stings, and we have

Allergies and hypersensitivityDiseases

Fragrance Hypersensitivity

In case of fragrance hypersensitivity you get coughing, coughing and runny eyes from, for example, cigarette smoke, exhaust fumes, scented flowers and perfume. The hassles can become severe and affect your everyday life to a large extent. There is no treatment for fragrance hypersensitivity, but by avoiding certain environments you can reduce the hassle.

Allergies and hypersensitivityDiseases

Celiac disease – gluten intolerance

celiac disease in children means you cannot tolerate the protein gluten found in wheat, rye and barley. Gluten causes the small intestine to become inflamed and unable to absorb nutrition properly. The most common symptoms are diarrhea, stomach gases, fatigue and losing weight, but the symptoms can vary widely. The trouble usually goes when you eat gluten-free foods.