The ability of the heart to pump around the blood in the body is impaired if you develop inflammation of the heart muscle. Sometimes fluid is collected in the lungs and in the heart sac, the membrane surrounding the heart. The disease usually heals by itself.

Heart muscle inflammation can be caused by people of all ages, even those who are otherwise healthy. The cause is almost always a viral infection, but the inflammation can also be due to bacteria or hypersensitivity. It is common to also have a  pericarditis  at the same time. The risk of getting myocardial infarction increases if you exercise or do heavy body work even if you have sore throat or fever.

Heart muscle inflammation usually heals without causing any lasting problems. But it can also get worse and cause damage to the heart muscle, sometimes seriously. Heart muscle inflammation is also called myocarditis.


If you have an inflammation of the heart muscle, it is common for you to experience one or more of the following:

  • You get irregular heartbeats and palpitations.
  • You get fever and pain in the body.
  • You feel a pressure over your chest.
  • You feel a sense of gravity behind the sternum.
  • You have  chest pain , more when you lie down than when you sit up.
  • You feel tired and out of breath.

When and where should I seek care?

If   you have symptoms that you think may be due to myocardial infarction, contact a health center   or  emergency room immediately  . If it is closed at the health center or on-call reception, seek care at an emergency room.


The disease usually heals without any special treatment. Sometimes you may need to be nursed in a hospital for a period so that the heart’s function can be checked by the doctor. This is especially true if you have acute myocarditis. If you need treatment, you will be given  pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory drugs . 

Influence and participate in your care

You can  seek care  at any medical center or open specialist clinic you want throughout the country. Sometimes referral  to the open specialist care is required  .

You should understand the information

In order for you to be involved in your care and treatment, it is important that you  understand the information  you receive from the healthcare staff. Ask questions if you don’t understand. For example, you should receive information about treatment options and how long you may have to wait for care and treatment.

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