Toothache is a sign that one or more teeth have been damaged for some reason. That it hurts is because the nerve in a tooth has become inflamed or infected.

Holes in the teeth, caries, are a common cause of toothache. You can read more about the causes of toothache in the chapter What causes toothache. It also states what treatment you may need.

symptoms of toothache

It varies how bad it hurts and wherein the mouth it feels when you have a toothache. It depends on what causes toothache.

These are common symptoms of toothache:

  • Hailings that over time can become more intense and long-lasting.
  • Choking pain.
  • Painting works that come and go.

You can also be affected in other ways:

  • You have trouble sleeping and eating.
  • You get annoyed, worried and tired.
  • Brushing your teeth can be difficult.

It can be difficult to say exactly where it hurts because the pain can radiate into a larger area, for example to the opposite jaw or ear.

What can I do for myself?

The best way to avoid toothache is to brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste and eat foods that are good for your teeth. Also, check your teeth regularly at the dental office.

You can also:

  • Use any remedy that prevents caries if you often have teeth. Ask a dentist or dental hygienist for advice or ask a pharmacist.
  • Use prescription painkillers that can help temporarily if you get teeth.

Examination and treatment for toothache

The dentist examines the area of ​​the mouth from which the pain and pain radiate. They take x-rays to see between the teeth and the area around the roots.

You often need to make several visits to the dentist after an emergency visit. It may be necessary for the tooth that causes discomfort to be finished.

The most common methods of treating toothache are root canal or tooth extraction.

Sometimes antibiotics may be needed

Dental infections usually do not need to be treated with antibiotics. But tooth infections may need to be treated quickly with antibiotics, for example, to stop an infection that may spread to a larger area. Bacteria can also spread through the blood to, for example, the heart.

Therefore, you who have a dental infection need to be extra careful if you have any of the following problems:

  • Immunocompromised,
  • heart valve problems,
  • have undergone radiation therapy to the jaws,
  • taking medicines for osteoporosis.

While you are taking antibiotics, you are being treated by the dentist for what is causing the tooth infection.

What is the cause of toothache?

Toothache is mostly due to the fact that the tooth nerve has become inflamed or infected. But there are also other reasons why you get a toothache. They are described below.

Tooth decay

In a hole in a tooth that has reached almost or all the way to the nerve, there are bacteria that make the nerve inflamed. First, it often starts to get bad in the tooth. Then you get a more intense pain that does not go over.

Inflammation spreads through the root canal system of the tooth to surrounding bone tissue if the tooth is not treated. The pain then becomes more grinding and the tooth is often sore.

The area around the tooth and jaw may swell. Then the tooth’s nerve and jawbone have become infected and where has been formed at the diseased tooth.

Infection under a tooth that is not rooted

In a tooth that has become inflamed in the nerve, inflammation can spread to the tissue outside the root tip. This can be gathered where giving symptoms in the form of dull, grinding pain. The jaws can also swell.

The treatment of toothache is to clean and root the tooth. Sometimes you may need antibiotics and the dentist may also puncture the swelling inside the tooth in the jaw to empty the item.

Infection under a root-filled tooth

Occasionally, root fillings become leaky and bacteria enter the area where the dental nerve is removed. There may also remain bacteria in the tooth during the root canal. The bacteria can then spread through the root tip. The jawbone outside the root can be inflamed and sometimes infected. It aches and swells, and you can get hurt.

Deep repairs

A tooth that has a repair sometimes protects the tooth nerve worse than a healthy tooth. Both the impaired insulation and the drilling itself can cause strain or toothache. If you have deep repairs, the nerve can also be affected by a leaking filling.

The tooth can become dull, aching and sore when you touch it if the filling loosens or is loose.

Visible gums

The hard tooth enamel gives the nerve good protection, but the enamel ends at the gum line. If the gums recede, the root surface of the tooth may become visible. The root surface is porous and does not protect the tooth nerve as well as the tooth enamel.

Therefore,  when you eat hot or cold food, you may get sick. Even the air that flows into your mouth as you breathe in can cause gasps.

dental Injuries

A tooth injury that you have suffered as a result of an accident or when you have broken a tooth can cause toothache. Sometimes the tooth bone and the nerve of the tooth may become visible if parts of a tooth have gone off. It makes the tooth sensitive to hot and cold and can also lead to pain.

tooth Cracks

Small tooth cracks allow it to rush into the tooth. Deeper cracks can cause aches and pains. This is because the dental nerve becomes inflamed.

Grit or squeeze teeth

The jaw muscles work hard if you squeak or squeeze teeth a lot. You can get exercise pains in the jaw that can feel like a toothache. You can wake up with a headache if you have gritted teeth one night can. Teeth can feel sore.

There is a risk that you will grind your teeth so much that the dental nerve does not get enough protection if you grit your teeth very hard and much. It can lead to a toothache.

Gum infection when a new tooth breaks out

When a tooth breaks through the gums it can become infected. This is because it is difficult to keep clean during the time that the tooth is growing up. It is common for wisdom teeth to emerge. It can also happen when children get their permanent teeth.

Pain after tooth extraction

For the most part, it hurts after you pull out a tooth. The pain often goes on for four to five days. Sometimes the hole after the tooth becomes infected. Then you can have both severe pain and fever.


Tooth loosening usually does not cause toothache, but if it starts to hurt it is because the gums and the bracket around the tooth become infected. The gums swell up and turn red. It can hurt a lot. Teeth can become sore and can move.

Without treatment, large swellings and collections of each can occur.

A prosthetic like a scab

When a few years have passed, dental prostheses often become too large against the ground. The prosthesis can start to rub against the gums and you get sores that hurt.

Diseases that can be mistaken for toothache

There are diseases that can cause pain in the face and can be incorrectly perceived as toothache. For example, they include:

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