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Here are described infections that are uncommon in Sweden.

DiseasesInfectionsUnusual infections

Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever is a bacterial disease that causes sepsis, which used to be called blood poisoning. The disease is spread through contaminated water or food that is not properly cooked or fried. Typhoid fever is a life-threatening disease if you do not receive treatment.

DiseasesInfectionsUnusual infections

Toxoplasma infection – toxoplasmosis

A toxoplasma infection is caused by a parasite, which is mainly spread by feces from cats. If a pregnant person becomes infected, the infection can cause damage to the fetus. Therefore, you who are pregnant should try to reduce the risk of infection, for example by avoiding the feces of cats.

DiseasesInfectionsUnusual infections

Tetanus

Tetanus is a very rare disease in Europe. It is caused by bacteria and you get persistent cramps in the muscles. Tetanus is life-threatening, but if you receive early treatment you are usually restored.

DiseasesInfectionsUnusual infections

Rabies

Rabies is a viral disease in the central nervous system. Rabies can transmit from mammal to human via saliva. The disease is common in most parts of the world, but in Europe no one has been infected with rabies for very long. Rabies is a deadly disease if you do not receive early treatment.

DiseasesInfectionsUnusual infections

Anthrax

Anthrax, also called anthrax, is a very serious infectious disease. It occurs primarily in animals, but humans can also be infected. It is very rare for people to get anthrax.

DiseasesInfectionsUnusual infections

Malaria

Malaria is spread through mosquitoes that transmit parasites to humans when they sting. Malaria is found in many countries in Africa, South America and Asia, and the risk of being infected is greatest in Africa. The disease is serious and can be life-threatening.

DiseasesInfectionsUnusual infections

HIV and AIDS

HIV is a virus that can be transmitted between humans. You get a HIV infection if you get infected by the virus. AIDS is a disease state that occurs when the immune system is so weakened by a HIV infection that you can get other diseases.

DiseasesInfectionsUnusual infections

Ebola

Ebola is a very rare disease. It is caused by a virus that is found naturally in countries in central and western Africa. The disease is serious. It can cause bleeding that can be life-threatening.

DiseasesInfectionsUnusual infections

Dengue fever

Dengue fever is a viral disease that causes flu-like symptoms. The virus is spread through mosquitoes and is found in many countries in Africa, Asia, Central and South America. The disease can be serious and require intensive care in hospital.

DiseasesInfectionsUnusual infections

Toxic shock syndrome, TSS

Toxic shock syndrome, TSS, is a complication that can occur in some bacterial infections. The bacteria secrete a venom that causes blood pressure to drop sharply and the body's tissues do not get enough oxygen. TSS is very uncommon but can be serious and therefore you need to get treatment quickly.