Some diseases of the heart and blood vessels are hereditary. The diseases can be followed for several generations in a family. They differ from folk diseases such as stroke, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, which largely depends on your living habits.
Liver cancer means that there are one or more cancerous tumors in the liver. It can be released from the cancer if it is detected early, but it is more common that it is detected late. Then there are treatments that can slow down and relieve the disease. Some can live a good life with such treatment.
Blood pressure is the pressure that occurs in the blood vessels as the blood is driven from the heart into the body and later back to the heart. High blood pressure makes the heart pump work harder and can be serious if you do not get it treated. The risk of cardiovascular disease and kidney problems in particular increases if you have high blood pressure.
Low blood pressure is in most cases completely harmless and does not require any treatment. Most people who have low blood pressure have no symptoms. If you have a sudden drop in blood pressure, you should sit down or lie down. Sometimes you may need to seek care.
Anemia means you have too little red blood cells in your blood. The red blood cells are needed for the body’s various organs to get enough oxygen. Anemia can cause you to become tired, dizzy and have a headache. Often it is possible to recover the amount of red blood cells with the help of drugs.
Anemia due to too little iron is common and can make you feel tired and powerless. The most common cause of anemia is that you have lost blood. For example, it can be during menstruation or if you have a stomach or intestinal disease that causes bleeding. It may also be because you cannot absorb iron from the food.
Vitamin B12 is needed for the body to form red blood cells. If you have too little B12 you may have anemia. B12 is not produced in the body but you get it through the food. B12 is found in food from the animal kingdom, mainly in meat and dairy products.
Hemorrhagic disease is really a group of diseases. Hemorrhage means that you start bleeding more easily and that you can bleed longer than a person who does not have hemorrhagic disease. This is because the blood lacks one or more substances needed for it to live. Hemorrhagic disease is usually a hereditary disease.
Polycythemia means that you have too many red blood cells in your blood. It makes the blood flow thick. Polycythemia can be a disease but it can also be a consequence of other diseases. The treatment you receive depends on what form of polycythemia you have.
Atherosclerosis means that fat has accumulated on the inside of the blood vessels. This is because the walls of the blood vessels become stiffer with age. Vein obesity can lead to blood clots and other cardiovascular diseases.