500 mg, 850 mg, 1000 mg film-coated tablets
What Metformin Bluefish is and what it is used for
What Metformin Bluefish is
Metformin Bluefish contains metformin, a medicine used to treat diabetes. It belongs to a group of drugs called biguanides.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that helps the body absorb glucose (sugar) from the blood. The body uses glucose to produce energy or stores it for future needs. If you have diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin that is produced well enough. This leads to high glucose levels in the blood. Metformin Bluefish helps lower blood glucose levels to a level that is as close to normal as possible.
If you are an adult and overweight, taking Metformin Bluefish for a long time can also help reduce the risk of complications associated with diabetes. Metformin Bluefish is associated with either stable body weight or a slight weight loss.
What Metformin Bluefish is used for
Metformin Bluefish is used to treat patients with type 2 diabetes (also known as “non-insulin-dependent diabetes”) when diet and exercise alone are not sufficient to control blood glucose levels, especially for obese patients.
Adults can take Metformin Bluefish as the only treatment or together with other medicines to treat diabetes (medicines taken by mouth or insulin ). Children 10 years of age or older and adolescents can take Metformin Bluefish as the only treatment or with insulin.
Metformin contained in Metformin Bluefish may also be approved for the treatment of other conditions not mentioned in this leaflet. Ask your doctor, pharmacist or another healthcare professional if you have any further questions and always follow their instructions.
What you need to know before taking Metformin Bluefish
Do not take Metformin Bluefish
- if you are allergic to metformin or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6)
- if you have liver problems
- if you have severe renal impairment
- if you have uncontrolled diabetes with, for example, severe hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar), nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, rapid weight loss, lactic acidosis (see “Risk of lactic acidosis” below) or ketoacidosis . Ketoacidosis is a condition in which substances called ketone bodies accumulate in the blood, which can lead to diabetic precoma. Symptoms include stomach pain, rapid and deep breathing, drowsiness or that your breath gets a different, fruity smell
- if the body has lost too much water (dehydration), e.g. due to prolonged or severe diarrhea, or if you have vomited several times in a row. Dehydration can lead to kidney problems which can cause lactic acidosis (See “Take special care with Metformin Bluefish” below)
- if you have a severe infection , e.g. an infection that affects the lungs, trachea or kidneys. Severe infection can lead to kidney problems which can cause lactic acidosis (See “Take special care with Metformin Bluefish” below).
- if you are being treated for heart failure or have recently had a heart attack, if you have severe circulatory problems (such as shock ) or difficulty breathing. This can lead to a lack of oxygen in tissue one, which can cause lactic acidosis (see “Take special care with Metformin Bluefish” below).
- if you drink a lot of alcohol
If any of these apply to you, do not take this medicine but talk to a doctor.
In particular, note the following risk of lactic acidosis: You must consult your doctor
- you need to have an examination, such as an X-ray or a computed tomography scan , which means that you are receiving contrast media containing iodine injected into your blood
- you will undergo major surgery
You must stop taking Metformin Bluefish for a certain period before and after the examination or operation. Your doctor will decide if you need any other treatment during this time. You must follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.
Warnings and cautions
Risk of lactic acidosis
Metformin Bluefish can cause the very rare, but very serious, side effect of lactic acidosis, especially if your kidneys are not working properly. The risk of developing lactic acidosis is also increased in uncontrolled diabetes, severe infections, prolonged fasting or alcohol intake, dehydration (see more information below), liver problems and conditions where part of the body has reduced oxygen supply (including acute severe heart disease).
If any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor for further advice.
Stop taking Metformin Bluefish for a short time if you have a condition that may be associated with dehydration, such as severe vomiting, diarrhoea, fever, exposure to heat or if you drink less fluid than normal. Talk to a doctor for further instructions.
Stop taking Metformin Bluefish and contact your doctor or nearest hospital immediately if you experience any of the symptoms of lactic acidosis as the condition may lead to coma.
Symptoms of lactic acidosis include:
- abdominal pain (stomach pain)
- muscle cramps
- a general feeling of not feeling well and pronounced fatigue
- hard to breathe
- lowered body temperature and heart rate .
Lactic acidosis is an acute medical condition that must be treated in a hospital.
If you are going to have a major operation, you must stop taking Metformin Bluefish during the operation and for a certain time after it. Your doctor will decide when you need to stop taking Metformin Bluefish and when you should start taking it again.
Metformin Bluefish itself does not cause hypoglycaemia (too low blood sugar) but if you take Metformin Bluefish together with other antidiabetic medicines that can cause hypoglycaemia (eg sulfonylureas, insulin, meglitinides) there is a risk of hypoglycaemia. If you experience symptoms of hypoglycaemia, such as weakness, dizziness, sweating, rapid heartbeat, visual disturbances or difficulty concentrating, eating or drinking something containing sugar usually helps.
During treatment with Metformin Bluefish, your doctor will check your kidney function at least once a year or more often if you are older and/or if your kidney function is impaired.
Other medicines and Metformin Bluefish
If you need to get an injection into the bloodstream with contrast media that contain iodine, for example in connection with X-rays or computed tomography, you must stop taking Metformin Bluefish before or at the time of injection. Your doctor will decide when you need to stop taking Metformin Bluefish and when you should start taking it again.
Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines. You may need to do more blood sugar and kidney function tests, or your doctor may need to adjust the dose of one of Metformin Bluefish. You must mention the following:
- drugs that increase urine production ( diuretics )
- drugs used to treat pain and inflammation ( NSAIDs and COX 2 inhibitors, such as ibuprofen and celecoxib)
- certain medicines for high blood pressure ( ACE inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor antagonists)
- beta-2 agonists such as salbutamol or terbutaline (used for asthma )
- corticosteroids (used to treat a variety of conditions, such as severe dermatitis or asthma )
- other drugs used to treat diabetes .
Metformin Bluefish with alcohol
Avoid high alcohol intake while taking Metformin Bluefish as alcohol may increase the risk of lactic acidosis (see section “Warnings and precautions”).
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
During pregnancy, you need insulin to treat your diabetes. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine. He or she may change your treatment.
This medicine is not recommended if you are breastfeeding or if you are planning to breastfeed your baby.
Driving and using machines
Metformin Bluefish alone does not cause hypoglycaemia ( too low a blood glucose level). This means that it does not affect your ability to drive or use machines.
However, you should be especially careful if you take Metformin Bluefish with other medicines for diabetes that can cause hypoglycaemia (eg sulphonylureas, insulin, meglitinides). Symptoms of hypoglycaemia include weakness, dizziness, sweating, rapid heartbeat, visual disturbances or difficulty concentrating. Do not drive or use machines if you experience such symptoms.
You are responsible for assessing whether you are fit to drive a motor vehicle or perform work that requires sharpened vigilance. One of the factors that can affect your ability in these respects is the use of drugs due to their effects and/or side effects. Descriptions of these effects and side effects can be found in other sections. Read all the information in this leaflet for guidance. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
How to take Metformin Bluefish
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure.
Metformin Bluefish can not replace the beneficial effects of a healthy lifestyle. Continue to follow any dietary advice your doctor has given you and exercise regularly.
The recommended dose is:
Children 10 years of age or older and adolescents usually start with 500 mg or 850 mg Metformin Bluefish once a day. The maximum daily dose is 2,000 mg divided into two or three doses. Treatment of children aged 10-12 years is only recommended according to your doctor’s instructions, as experience in this age group is limited.
Adults usually start with 500 mg or 850 mg Metformin Bluefish two or three times a day. The maximum daily dose is 3,000 mg divided into three doses.
If you have impaired kidney function, your doctor may prescribe a lower dose.
If you are also taking insulin, your doctor will tell you how to start treatment with Metformin Bluefish.
- Your doctor will regularly take blood glucose tests and adjust your dose of Metformin Bluefish to your blood glucose level. You need to talk to your doctor regularly. This is especially important for children and adolescents or if you are older.
- Your doctor will also examine your kidney function at least once a year. You may need more frequent check-ups if you are older or if your kidneys are not working properly.
How to take Metformin Bluefish
Take Metformin Bluefish with or after a meal. This way you avoid side effects that affect digestion.
The tablets must not be crushed or chewed. Swallow each tablet with a glass of water.
- If you take one dose a day, take it in the morning (breakfast).
- If you take two doses a day, take one dose in the morning (breakfast) and one in the evening (dinner).
- If you take three doses a day, take one in the morning (breakfast), one in the middle of the day (lunch) and one in the evening (dinner).
Metformin Bluefish 1000 mg has a score, but it is not for splitting the tablet.
If after a while you think the effect of Metformin Bluefish is too strong or too weak, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
If you take more Metformin Bluefish than you should
If you take more Metformin Bluefish than you should, lactic acidosis may occur. The symptoms of lactic acidosis are vomiting, stomach pain with muscle cramps, general malaise with great fatigue, and difficulty breathing. If you get such symptoms, you may need immediate hospital treatment as lactic acidosis can lead to coma. Contact a doctor or nearest hospital immediately.
If you forget to take Metformin Bluefish
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose. Take the next dose at the time you would normally take it.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The following side effects may occur:
Metformin Bluefish can cause it very rarely (may affect up to 1 user in 10,000), but very serious side effects include lactic acidosis (see section “Warnings and precautions”). If this happens to you, you must stop taking Metformin Bluefish and contact your doctor or nearest hospital immediately as lactic acidosis may lead to coma.
Very common side effects (affects more than 1 user in 10)
- Digestive problems, e.g. nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain and loss of appetite. These side effects usually occur at the beginning of treatment with Metformin Bluefish. It helps if you distribute the doses throughout the day and if you take the tablets with or immediately after a meal. If symptoms persist, stop taking Metformin Bluefish and talk to your doctor.
Common side effects (affects less than 1 user in 10)
- Taste changes.
Very rare side effects (affects less than 1 user in 10,000)
- Lactic acid . This is a very rare but serious complication, which can occur especially if the kidneys are not functioning properly. Symptoms of lactic acidosis include vomiting, abdominal pain (abdominal pain) with muscle cramps, general malaise with severe fatigue and difficulty breathing. If you get such symptoms, you may need immediate hospital treatment as lactic acidosis can lead to coma . Stop taking Metformin Bluefish immediately and contact your doctor or nearest hospital immediately.
- Deviations in liver function tests or hepatitis (this may cause fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, with or without yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes). If this happens to you, stop taking Metformin Bluefish and talk to your doctor.
- Liver function test or hepatitis (this may cause fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, with or without yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes).
- Skin reactions such as redness, itching or hives .
- Low levels of vitamin B12 in the blood.
Children and young people
Limited information shows that the type and severity of side effects are similar for children and adolescents as for adults.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This also applies to any side effects not mentioned in this information.
How to store Metformin Bluefish
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children. If a child is being treated with Metformin Bluefish, parents and caregivers should monitor the use of this medicine.
No special storage instructions.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton or blister after “EXP”. The expiration date is the last day of the specified month.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. Contents of the pack and other information
- The active substance is metformin hydrochloride500 mg tablets: A film-coated tablet contains 500 mg metformin hydrochloride equivalent to 390 mg metformin .850 mg tablets: One film-coated tablet contains 850 mg metformin hydrochloride equivalent to 663 mg metformin .1000 mg tablets: A film-coated tablet contains 1000 mg metformin hydrochloride equivalent to 780 mg metformin .
- The other ingredients areTablet core: povidone, magnesium stearateFilm coating: hypromellose, macrogol.
What the medicine looks like and contents of the pack
Metformin Bluefish 500 mg
White, round, biconvex, film-coated tablets with “A” debossed on one side and “60” debossed on the other side.
Metformin Bluefish 850 mg
White, round, biconvex, film-coated tablets with “A” debossed on one side and “61” debossed on the other side.
Metformin Bluefish 1000 mg
White, oval, biconvex, film-coated tablets with “A” debossed on one side and “62” debossed on the other side with a notch between “6” and “2”.
Metformin Bluefish is packaged in a blister pack.
Metformin Bluefish 500 mg / 850 mg:
20, 28, 30, 40, 42, 50, 56, 60, 70, 80, 84, 90, 98, 100, 120, 200, 300 and 400 film-coated tablets in blister packs, each blister containing 10 or 14 film-coated tablets
Metformin Bluefish 1000 mg:
20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100 and 120 film-coated tablets in blister packs, each blister containing 10 film-coated tablets
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorization Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Bluefish Pharmaceuticals AB
PO Box 49013
100 28 Stockholm
Bluefish Pharmaceuticals AB
113 30 Stockholm
|This medicinal product is authorized under the European Economic Area under the names:|
|Austria||Metformin Bluefish 850 mg / 1000 mg Film tablets|
|Czech Republic||Metformin Bluefish 500 mg / 850 mg / 1000 mg potahované tablets|
|France||METFORMINE BLUEFISH 500 mg / 850 mg, compressed pillMETFORMINE RANBAXY 1000 mg, compressed pill|
|Germany||Metformin Bluefish 500 mg / 850 mg / 1000 mg Film tablets|
|Ireland||Metformin Bluefish 500 mg / 850 mg / 1000 mg film-coated tablets|
|Italy||Metformina Bluefish 500 mg / 850 mg / 1000 mg, compress rivestite with film|
|Netherlands||Metformin HCl Bluefish 500 mg / 850 mg / 1000 mg, film-coated tablets|
|Romania||Metformin Bluefish 500 mg / 850 mg / 1000 mg compress filmate|
|Slovakia||Metformin Bluefish 500 mg / 850 mg / 1000 mg film-free tablets|
|Spain||metformina BLUEFISH 850 mg compresses obtained with film|
|Sweden||Metformin Bluefish 500 mg / 850 mg / 1000 mg film-coated tablets|