Rosacea is an inflammatory skin disease that causes redness and rash, usually on the face. You may also have eye problems. The disease does not infect. The rashes usually go away with treatment, but they can come back.
It is not known what the disease is due to. It is most common in people of middle age.
Symptoms of rosacea
Different people may have different symptoms of rosacea and different symptoms of the disease.
The skin disorders often occur in the forehead, nose, cheeks or chin. These are common symptoms:
- It stings or feels hot in the skin.
- The skin is red.
- You have dilated superficial blood vessels.
- You have knobs or small blisters filled with each.
You may have eye problems, such as irritated or red eyes. Eye symptoms can occur with or without skin problems.
Severe rosacea can sometimes cause the nose to become enlarged and uneven. This is due to the strong growth of sebaceous glands. It is uncommon and usually occurs in men.
When and where should I seek care?
If you think you have rosacea, contact a health care provider. You can contact many receptions by logging in.
Contact an ophthalmologist if you think you have rosacea in your eyes.
What can I do for myself?
Try to avoid things that cause you trouble. For example, it could be:
- Sun and warmth
- Hot Drinks
- Spicy food
Nurture and protect your skin
- Wash your face with water or mild non-perfumed cleaning products. Avoid strong soaps, peels and face water with alcohol as it irritates the skin.
- Use unscented softening cream.
- Do not use cortisone cream, it can aggravate the problems.
- Try camouflaging cosmetics to hide redness, such as green tones.
- Use sunscreen products that are not greasy and have a high sun protection factor of 30-50.
Treatment for rosacea
There are several different types of treatments for rosacea.
Medicines that you apply to the skin
There is a non-prescription drug that usually works well. It contains metronidazole and is available as a cream and gel. You should only use it if a doctor has found you have rosacea.
There are also prescription drugs to lubricate the skin. For example, it could be Finacea or Soolantra.
You should use the creams until the trouble has gone away and usually a period afterward. After three months of treatment for rosacea, it is good to see the doctor who will then decide whether to continue treatment or if you can stop. The duration of treatment depends on which drug you use.
The redness can be treated with a gel containing brimonidine. The effect is temporary because the drug pulls the vessels together for about a day.
Tablets or capsules may be needed
Sometimes it does not help to treat with medicines that you apply to the skin. Then you can get tablets or capsules with antibiotics that you have to take for a few months. The type of antibiotic used is called tetracyclines. You should continue to lubricate with medicines both during and after the antibiotic treatment.
Rosacea in the eyes can also be treated with antibiotics.
Capsules containing the active substance isotretinoin can sometimes be used if you have very serious problems. Isotretinoin is a drug that can be used in severe acne. Here you can read more about isotretinoin.
Surface blood vessels can be treated with laser or IPL, which means Intensive Pulsed Light.
Influence and participate in your care
You can seek care at any medical center or open specialist clinic you want throughout the country. Sometimes a referral to the open specialized care is required.