PMS and PMDS

Your mood may change the days before you get menstrual if you have PMS, premenstrual syndrome. You may also get sore breasts or feel swollen in the body.

Some may have severe PMS. Then it is called PMDS, premenstrual dysphoric syndrome. In English it is called PMDD, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.

What is PMS?

PMS means that you get mood changes and other problems the days before menstruation .

Sensing PMS is common. The problems that PMS can cause vary from person to person. You can also feel different PMS from month to month. The trouble usually does not require any drug treatment.

What is PMDS?

The symptoms of PMDS are usually mental and can be so severe they resemble depression or anxiety, but with PMDS, the symptoms disappear almost immediately when the menstruation begins.

PMDS has a great impact on your entire life and can cause you to end up in conflicts or you want to be at peace and avoid socializing with others.

About three to five percent of all men who have men have PMDS.

Symptoms of PMS and PMDS

At PMS you may feel a few or a few of the symptoms below:

  • You feel irritated and relieved.
  • You feel anxious and anxious.
  • You get quick mood swings.
  • You feel down and you have less desire to find things.
  • You feel tired and get less energy.
  • You get more difficult to sleep.
  • You become swollen in the body and especially over the stomach.
  • You feel tension in the breasts or they become sore.
  • You get a headache.
  • You will be hungrier than usual and crave sweet. 

To be diagnosed with PMDS, five of the above symptoms must agree with you and one should be among the top four.

PMS and PMDS usually start up to one week before menstruation and disappear when menstruation arrives. But the symptoms may also remain for the first two to three days during the period. Some people also suffer during ovulation . Sometimes PMS and PMDS can last from ovulation until the onset of menstruation. The week after menses, the trouble has usually ceased.

Why do you get PMS or PMDS?

It is still unknown why you get PMS or PMDS. But one thing scientists think can affect is the substances that form when the hormone progesterone breaks down.

When you have ovulated, progesterone in the body increases. The hormone decreases again after about two weeks unless you become pregnant after ovulation. The fact that you get pms or pmds can mean that you are sensitive to the substances that form when the progesterone breaks down.

Some may have problems already in their teens, but this is most common among those over 30. For many, the problems become stronger after giving birth to children. When you get into menopause and stop few men, the trouble disappears.

What can I do for myself?

Doing things that you feel good about and that makes you relax can relieve the hassle if you have PMS, but if you have PMDS, medical treatment is often required as well.

There are several things you can do to alleviate PMS or PMDS problems: 

  • You can work out .
  • Exercise relaxation, such as yoga or mindfulness .
  • Try to take it easy and avoid stress .
  • Make sure to sleep enough.
  • Make sure you eat good food and that you eat regularly.

Keep track of your mens bike

Since PMS and PMDS come regularly, you can learn to understand and recognize the symptoms. It can feel easier if you know what they are up to and that they are going over. 

For example, to be better prepared, you can enter the current days in a calendar. There are also several different apps that make it easier to remember where in the mens bike you are. 

You can also tell people in your area when it’s time for a period with PMS or PMDS. The people you spend a lot of time with can easily understand and provide support if they know what is the cause.

When and where should I seek care?

Contact a health care center or gynecologist if you feel that your PMS or PMDS is adversely affecting your everyday life and quality of life. You can contact many receptions by logging in . 

You can seek care at  any healthcare center  you want throughout the country.

For a  youth reception  you can go from being 12 or 13 years until you are between 20 and 25 years, it is different at different receptions.

Treatment at PMS and PMDS

It is different for different people what relieves the hassles of PMS and PMDS. Therefore, you have to try to find what is right for you. It may be that you get a call contact on some occasions, or maybe help to practice relaxation or mindfulness . For some, KBT, cognitive behavioral therapy can help.

Treatment with antidepressant drug

The most common treatment for PMDS is the antidepressant drug escitalopram. The drug is prescribed. You take the drug during the period when you feel PMDS, before menstruation.

The antidepressant works differently when you take it at PMDS than if you were to use the same medication during a depression. If you are depressed, it may take a while for the tablets to work. At PMDS, they usually help within 24 hours.

Treatment with birth control pills

Medicines that prevent you from ovulating can also help with PMS and PMDS. An example is the pill. But for some, the trouble is made worse by the hormones found in birth control . The most modern oral contraceptives usually work better than others.

Treatment with liquid drugs

Another drug that can help is fluid-propelling drugs that partially block the effects of certain hormones. You take the medicine one to two weeks before menstruation. The other days you do not take any medicine.

Important to understand

In order to be able to participate in your care and make decisions, it is important that  you understand the information  you receive from the healthcare staff. Ask questions if you don’t understand. You can also ask to have the information printed to read it peacefully.

Being close to someone with PMDS

You who are related to someone with PMS or PMDS are also affected. There are things you can do to help. Both to make yourself feel better and to make it feel better with pms or pmds.

  • Keep track of your person’s menstrual cycle and be prepared when a PMS or PMDS period is underway.
  • Talk to the person about how to handle PMS or PMDS periods. It is usually better to talk about this when they are not in the middle of a period.
  • Make an action plan together. What can the person who has PMS or PMDS do to feel better when it is worst? What can you do?

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