Muscle spasm means that a muscle suddenly contracts and hurts. If you get spasms in the calf or under the foot, it is also called traction. Everyone can get muscle spasms. Cramps in a muscle are common and do not damage the muscle.
Muscle cramps are common in the elderly and pregnant, especially during the later part of pregnancy.
Why do I get muscle spasms?
Why you get muscle spasms is usually not known. It is common to have cramps if you have overworked any muscle. This can happen when, for example, you have been working or working in the garden for a long time, or if you have been sitting, lying down or standing in an uncomfortable position for a long time.
Muscle cramps often come when you go to sleep or when you sleep.
Liquid drugs can help you get cramps. The cause of muscle spasms can also be various diseases, although uncommon.
Symptoms of muscle spasms
Muscle cramps are most common in the foot or calf. When you get cramps, the muscle suddenly pulls together and it hurts. The muscle is hard and tense. It is common to both be able to see and feel that the muscle has contracted.
When and where should I seek care?
You can contact the health care center if you often have troublesome cramps.
What can I do for myself?
The cramp often goes away by itself within minutes. You can try walking a few steps if you have leg or foot cramps. You can try to release the cramp by massaging and gently stretching the muscle.
If you have cramp in the calf, you can stretch the muscle by bending the foot up and pushing it against the headboard or a wall, for example. You can also stand up, take a step back with the painful leg and press your foot against the floor.
One way to prevent cramping is to try to stretch regularly, for example, when you exercise.