Dementia means that in different ways it becomes difficult to think, remember and interpret one’s surroundings. You may then need to undergo a dementia study and if you have dementia there is a lot of support to be had. In the case of the head lobe dementia, the nerve cells in the front of the brain, the forehead lobe and the frontal lobe of the brain disappear. Therefore, the actions and thoughts that are guided from there do not work as before.
If you have dementia, it is often difficult to remember what has happened recently. However, the long-term memory and knowledge of how to handle everyday activities can be completely unaffected in the beginning. Initially, dementia can be confused with depression or psychosis. Other common dementia diseases are Alzheimer’s disease, blood vessel dementia, and Lewy Body dementia.
Symptoms of dementia
Often, the first sign of head lobe dementia is that personality changes. You can
- feel shy and more bound
- become less involved in things you were previously interested in
- get angry and have trouble controlling their impulses
- be upset when you perceive that your relatives do not behave as you are used to
- feel dejected and helpless
- get difficult to plan and concentrate.
It becomes harder to cope with everyday life
When you get sicker you can get new symptoms such as
- restlessness and anxiety that translates into increased indifference and fatigue
- much less or much greater appetite for food
- difficulties in expressing themselves, the language becomes more verbal and monotonous
- trouble remembering
- difficult to do ordinary things, such as dressing or eating with cutlery.
When should I seek care?
If you feel confused, have difficulty thinking or have memory disorders for more than a month, you should contact a health care center. It is important to find out what the problems are because they can have causes that can be treated, such as depression or low metabolism.
In order for you or your relatives to find out how you feel, you can consider three questions:
- How does memory affect my daily life compared to before?
- Does my ability to solve problems, think, reason and plan work?
- Has my mood and mood changed?
If the answers to any of these questions indicate that you are not feeling well, you should be examined by a doctor and possibly have a dementia study showing whether you have any dementia.
You can seek care at any healthcare center you want throughout the country. You also have the opportunity to have a regular doctor’s contact at the health center.
When you come to the doctor, you or a related person will tell you about the problems, so that the doctor will be able to understand what the symptoms are and how they have changed over time. It is important to know what causes the disease.
Then you have to go through various surveys:
- The doctor performs a thorough examination of the entire body and pays special attention to the brain; Memory functions, thought functions, vision, language and emotion functions are tested.
- You are given blood tests to check the metabolism and to check if you may be deficient in vitamin B12 or high levels of calcium. Low metabolism, lack of vitamin B12 as well as high levels of lime can impair brain functions.
- Often, you also have to undergo a magnetic camera examination or a brain X-ray, so-called computed tomography. Such examinations provide particularly detailed images that can show if there are some morbid changes in the brain.
- Sometimes the fluid that surrounds and protects the brain is also examined. This fluid is also found in the spinal cord canal in the spine. A sample is taken through a stick at the back end. The test can reveal if there are proteins that have leaked from damaged nerve cells.
Other investigations may also be needed. Psychologists can perform various tests and sometimes blood flow measurements are made by the brain, as decreased blood flow in the lobes can be a sign of dementia.
A right to receive information
You will need to know who to contact and when to find out the answers after sampling and surveys. You should also find out where to turn if you get worse.
The healthcare staff should tell you what treatment options are available. They should make sure you understand what the different options mean, what side effects are available and where you can get treatment. This way you can help decide which treatment for dementia is right for you.
In order for you to be active in your care and make decisions, it is important that you understand the information you receive. The healthcare staff is obliged to make sure that you do so. Ask questions. You can also ask to have the information written down so you can read it peacefully.
Treatment for Dementia
There is no special drug treatment for dementia. If you are restless, anxious, depressed, and have disturbances in your behavior, some medications can relieve the hassle.
What happens in the body?
In the case of the head lobe dementia, the nerve cells in the front parts of the brain disappear. Therefore, actions and thoughts that are controlled from this part of the brain will work worse. The connections are broken between the nerve cells that connect the different parts of the forehead with each other and with other parts of the brain.
The front parts of the brain affect personality and how it works in social contexts. The boiler room makes it possible to express themselves linguistically, speak and have judgment and insight. In the case of dementia, it can be more difficult to control impulses and aggressiveness. The ability to concentrate and plan is also controlled from the boiler room.
Pan lobe dementia is relatively uncommon.
It is not known what exactly it is that triggers the disease and causes the nerve cells to be destroyed, but it is probably due to errors in the turnover of certain nerve cell proteins.
There is some inheritance to getting ahead lobe dementia, but the risk is very small.
Living with forehead dementia
You can often get good help from relatives. It can be a partner, family, relatives or friends. If you are cohabiting and need a lot of help and care, you may need to move to special accommodation for periods. It is possible to stay for a few weeks in one of the municipality’s accommodations and a few weeks at home, so-called exchange care. How extended that service varies between municipalities.
Home Health Care
If you find it difficult to get to the health center, you can get home care. Then you will be visited regularly by a district nurse, nurse or under-nurse in your home. It may be, for example, if you need daily help with your medication.
There is often a special daycare for people with dementia. It can, for example, be in a service house or in connection with a group residence. Those who participate in day-to-day activities eat in common and can participate in various activities based on their own circumstances.
Day operations are usually open Monday to Friday. You can be there one to five days a week depending on your needs. In some municipalities, day operations are also open on certain evenings and weekends. It is often possible to get to and from daycare with travel service, but it can vary depending on which municipality you live in.
Particular group accommodation
If you get worse, staying at home can be difficult. It is no longer enough with the help that relatives, in combination with visits by home care staff and health care personnel, can provide. Nor do different arrangements with relief or exchange care feel adequate. Then you can move to some kind of special accommodation. Before you can move to specific accommodation, the municipality must assess your need for help by making a new aid assessment, which you or a related person is applying for.
In most municipalities, there is a difference between group housing for dementia and group housing for long-term sick. The type of group accommodation you will move to depends on whether it is dementia or other illnesses that are being considered.
When you live in a group home, you have your own contract for your apartment or room. You can furnish with your own furniture and other belongings to make you feel at home. It is common for eight to ten people to live together. Each has its own apartment or room and shares common areas, such as kitchens, dining rooms, and living rooms. In special accommodations, there are caregivers on-site around the clock.
The fee for the help you can get varies between municipalities. More detailed information about different efforts and what these costs can be obtained from the home municipality. Contact the Assistance Officer or anyone else responsible for care and care.
It is common for those with dementia to start behaving differently than before. It is also common for compassion for others to decrease and personal hygiene to deteriorate. The memory may be preserved at the beginning of the disease. Some drugs can affect behavior, so it is good for you as a relative to obtain information about the drugs used by the person with dementia.
Later in the disease, those with dementia become increasingly shielded from the environment. Often the person can no longer talk or interpret their surroundings and their own body signals. At the same time, those with dementia can function relatively well physically, and for example, be up and running.
Help to cope with daily life
People with head lobe dementia often need a lot of help to cope with their daily lives. Therefore, the planning of care and care should begin as soon as the diagnosis has been established. As a relative, you get to talk to doctors and other health care professionals, as well as assistance assessors from the municipality.
It can be stressful to be close and you can feel sadness and anger. As a relative, you may need a lot of support in your task to help. In some municipalities, there are family consultants and support teams for relatives of people with dementia. They contact and information about the municipal resources that exist and can act as call support.
Support for staying at home
Care needs to be individually tailored. This could mean, for example, that a person with dementia is given extended opportunities for physical activity, which counteracts anxiety and restlessness and stimulates the gastrointestinal functions. The municipality has a great responsibility here.
If you live with a person with dementia, a nurse, nurse or staff from the home service makes regular home visits. Over time, it is usually more difficult for those who are ill to stay at home and it may be necessary to move to a special housing for dementia, such as a form of group housing. Usually, there are several different housing alternatives within a municipality.
The municipality’s home service can provide practical help with many everyday activities such as personal hygiene, laundry, cleaning, grocery shopping and more. In many municipalities, there are dementia nurses who can provide advice and support. The nurses also have close contact with the home care staff.
Anyone who has dementia or you as a relative apply for help from the social services in the municipality. The municipality’s aid assessors make an inquiry about the needs that exist and make decisions based on them. The decision may be appealed.
Right to care plan
Every person in need of care, whether in the home or in special housing, should receive an individual care plan. You as a related person or a so-called good man have the right to be involved in the planning if the person who is ill cannot himself. The special accommodation can be, for example, a service house or a nursing home.
A district nurse or nurse, together with the municipality’s supervisor for the home service, is responsible for the care plan and that the sick person receives the help needed.
Permanent care contact
Anyone who has contact with many different persons within the care can get permanent care contact. It is a person who among other things helps to coordinate care. It is possible to choose a permanent health care provider throughout the country.