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Read about various diseases you can get in the thyroid gland.

DiseasesHormonesThyroid

Hypothyroidism – deficiency of thyroid hormone

The thyroid gland sits on the front of the throat and produces hormones that affect almost all of the body's functions. If the thyroid gland produces too little hormones, you may get hypothyroidism. Then you get low metabolism and the body goes at low rpm. You may also get hypothyroidism after the thyroid gland is removed.

DiseasesHormonesThyroid

Congenital deficiency of thyroid hormone

Congenital deficiency of thyroid hormone is an uncommon disease found in about one in three thousand newborn babies. It is also called congenital hypothyroidism. By discovering the disease early, the child can receive treatment before they get symptoms.

DiseasesHormonesThyroid

Thyroiditis

The thyroid gland sits on the front of the neck and forms the hormone that controls the body's metabolism. Viruses or bacteria can cause inflammation of the thyroid gland. If you get thyroid inflammation, you may need treatment with medicines, for example, against the inflammation.

DiseasesHormonesThyroid

The Struma – enlarged thyroid gland

Struma is a collective name for all forms of enlarged thyroid gland. The thyroid gland sits on the front of the throat and produces hormone that controls the metabolism. There may be several reasons for the thyroid enlargement. For example, it may be due to a tubercle, iodine deficiency or that the thyroid gland is inflamed.

DiseasesHormonesThyroid

Hyperthyroidism – the excess of thyroid hormone

The thyroid gland sits on the front of the throat and produces hormones that affect almost all of the body's functions and control the metabolism. If the thyroid gland produces too much hormones, you get hyperthyroidism. Then the metabolism increases and the body goes high. The disease can be treated with drugs, radioactive iodine or with surgery.