Knee discomfort in children and teens can have different causes. The child feels that it hurts or near the knee. The knee can also get stuck in a certain position, become swollen or sore. The symptoms often come in connection with physical activity. Most knee problems go away on their own over time.
Here you can read more about the problems and diseases of the joints, muscles and skeletons.
Frozen shoulder, also known as frozen shoulder, means that you get a shoulder pain which after a while solidifies and leads to poorer mobility. This is because the joint capsule, which surrounds and stabilizes the shoulder joint, contracts and becomes rigid. Sometimes you also get frozen shoulder in the other shoulder.
You have mucus sacs in many places in the body around joints and tendons. They are small liquid-filled bags whose purpose is to protect the joints and facilitate the movements. They can become irritated if a joint or tendon is overloaded, or if the mucous sac is subjected to prolonged pressure.
If one or more of the child's joints have become infected by bacteria, it is called a permanent joint infection or septic arthritis. Usually, it is the large joints, such as the hip joint or the knee joint, that become infected.
If the baby's skeleton is attacked by bacteria, it is called skeletal infection or osteomyelitis. It is an unusual disease. The infection usually sits in the long legs, for example in the leg of the arm, the femur or in the lower leg.
Bechterew's disease is due to inflammation, especially in the muscles and joints. You get hurt, get tired and stiff. The pain comes and goes for periods, usually more tightly at first. It is not possible to recover completely, but with treatment the disease can be slowed and relieved.
Hip arthrosis means you get hurt from the groin area as you move. You get less mobility in the hip as the cartilage and joint surface change and thinning. Cartilage is a type of tissue that allows the bones of the skeleton to slide against each other. It gives the load and distributes the load evenly in the joint. Hip arthritis is one of the most common joint diseases.
Congenital hip dislocation is also known as congenital hip joint instability. This means that the ball can easily be moved out of its normal position. Sometimes one or both hip joints may be in the wrong position when the baby is born. The hip joints are examined on all newborn babies at BB.
You can more easily get bone fractures if you have osteoporosis and a weaker skeleton. The most common are leg fractures in the wrists, hips, vertebrae or upper arms. Osteoporosis is because the balance between the breakdown and build-up of bones in the body is disrupted, so that more bones are broken down than what is being rebuilt. You can reduce the risk of osteoporosis by being physically active and not smoking.
Osteogenesis imperfecta, OI, is also called congenital osteoporosis because osteoporosis is one of the most common symptoms. This means that people with OI easily break different bones in the body. OI can occur in several levels of difficulty.
If a toe is over the toe closest to it, it is called an overbearing toe. Most often the reason is that you also have an oblique big toe, hallux valgus. On an oblique large toe the toe tip points towards the other toes on the same foot. If the big toe is very oblique it can fold under or over the next toe.
Willis-Ekbom Disease, WED, makes it feel like it is tingling or crawling in your legs when you sit still for a long time, or at night when you lie in bed and go to sleep. The disease was previously called Restless Legs Syndrome, RLS, restless legs.
The most common cause of toe walking is that the child voluntarily walks on toe. Many toddlers then move faster and sometimes with better balance than if they walk with the soles of the feet in the floor. Occasionally, toe walking is due to short health tendons.
Schlatter's disease is due to the tendon of the thigh muscle becoming inflamed and swollen. The tendon attaches to a lump a few centimeters below the kneecap. The enlarged tuber can then remain even when the inflammation and pain itself have disappeared.
There are several reasons why children have different long legs. It does not usually cause any trouble if the length differs less than two centimeters between the legs. Growth can be stopped in the longer leg or the shorter leg can be extended if it differs widely between the legs.