Color blindness means that you have difficulty separating certain colors from each other. The most common form is innate and hereditary and makes it difficult to distinguish between red and green.
Here are texts about diseases and disorders of the eyes, ears, nose and throat.
Acute glaucoma is because the pressure in the eye has increased in a short time. Then the eye cannot function properly. The eye turns red, you can get vision impairment and it can hurt a lot. You may also feel sick and vomit. It is important that you get treatment quickly if you have acute glaucoma.
Sjogren's syndrome is a disease that mainly means that you become very dry in the eyes and mouth. It is an autoimmune disease, which means that the immune system attacks its own tissue. The disease persists throughout life, but there are treatments that relieve the hassle.
Your eyes can be damaged by bright light. For example, if the sun is shining brightly on snow, sea or white sand. It's called being snow blind. The eyes can also be damaged if you look directly at a welding flame. Then it is called a welding glare. The trouble usually goes by itself.
Impaired hearing may be congenital or develop over the years. The treatment you receive depends on the cause of your hearing loss and what needs you have. You can always get help if you have hearing loss. This applies to both technical aids and support from hearing care personnel.
Tinnitus is not a disease but a symptom and can be described as hearing sounds in the ears that cannot be perceived by the environment. Sometimes the sounds are very troublesome. Tinnitus can occur at any age and is commonly associated with hearing loss.
Aphasia means having language difficulties after a brain injury, usually after a stroke. You may have difficulty speaking and writing, or understand spoken and written language. When you cannot communicate as you are used to, life is affected in many ways. But there is much to do and several tools to use to improve.
When you are hes, your voice does not sound as usual. It is common to become hes when you are cold. Often, the hoarseness goes away by itself when the cold has passed. It can take up to a week. You can even get hoarse if you overstretch your voice.
Stuttering means that the child hooks up letters and syllables, or that the speech is stopped even though the child knows what they want to say. It is often noticed when the child is between two and four years. For the most part, it goes away by itself within a couple of years. If it does not go over, if the child thinks it is difficult or if you are worried, you can get help from a speech therapist.
The tonsils are part of the body's immune system and sit on either side of the pharynx. The tonsils are larger in children than in adults. Sometimes the tonsils become so big that the child gets difficult to breathe, gets cumbersome or difficult to sleep. Then the tonsils may need to be removed.
Throat flu is an infection of the tonsils that can be due to viruses or bacteria. The most common bacterium is streptococcus group A. It causes sore throat when you swallow and you may have fever if you have throat flux. The infection can go away by itself, but sometimes you need treatment.
Having a sore throat is common. It can be due to many different things, such as a common cold, an infection with bacteria or that you have been screaming or singing loudly. Usually sore throat goes away by itself but sometimes you may need treatment.
Sinusitis is a common disease which means that a cold has spread from the mucous membrane of the nose to the mucous membrane of the sinuses. Common symptoms are you get a sore face and sniff that runs back in the throat. The disease usually goes away by itself but sometimes you may need treatment.
Diphtheria is caused by a bacterium that secretes a poison. The venom can damage many of the body's organs, such as the heart and kidneys. The disease infects only humans, through contact with saliva. Diphtheria is a life-threatening disease if you do not receive treatment.
Glandular fever is caused by a virus that is very common. Most people are infected by the virus as a child and often get no or mild symptoms. You who are infected with the virus first as a teenager or adult get the symptoms that are common in glandular fever. Once you have had the virus, you become immune and cannot become infected again.
Mumps disease is a very contagious viral infection that both children and adults can get. It is not treated but healed by itself. Vaccine against mumps is part of the vaccination program for children since 1982 and the disease is very rare many countries. Mumps can, in unusual cases, lead to meningitis or testicular inflammation.